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ANNOUNCEMENTS
  • KISAC MS Girls Volleyball @KISJ on February 29th - March 2nd.
  • SKAC HS Basketball Finals @GIFS/Samcheonpo Gym on February 28th.
  • Registration for Season 3 ASA from February 28th - March 4th.
  • GIDAS Dress Down Day on February 27th.
  • SKAC MS Girls Volleyball Tournament @BFS on February 26th.
  • SKAC MS Boys Volleyball Tournament @DIS on February 26th.
  • Don't forget your spirit shirts on Friday.
The Student News Site of Daegu International School

Jets Flyover

The Student News Site of Daegu International School

Jets Flyover

Phony stars invade your phone

Virtual idols invoke awe and criticism in the K-pop industry
Graphic by Christine Park.

The music industry broke new ground in 1996 with the first-ever debut of Date Kyoko, a Japanese digital idol. Two years later, Korea hopped into the AI industry with Adam, a male virtual singer model. This mesmerized the public and paved the way for the launch of other AIs such as Cider and Ryusia. However, this trend eventually fell through due to economic issues derived from the poor technology at the time, and virtual singers seemed to meet their end. 

Although less popular, digital girl groups such as Nazka still made appearances throughout the 2000s. But the release of the Vocaloid in 2004 and the debut of renowned computer-generated singer Hatsune Miku in 2007 regurgitated the attention of the digital star industry. Ever since Miku, anime characters such as the iconic Love Live! Girls have consistently released songs and music videos.

Although the lively 3-D animated characters received fame from media platforms, it remained a niche culture. Numerous critics picked them apart for how inhuman and crazy they seemed. Others condemned the fans for their delusional behavior. Still, the industry continued to grow.

A chart statistically showcases why people find AI idols bizarre. The lack of human interaction marks first place. Photo courtesy of Magazineidole.

In 2018, the famous video game League of Legends released a K-pop group called K/DA to celebrate the world championship that Korea hosted. They collaborated with (G)I-dle (a famous K-pop band) who featured in the debut song of K/DA along with Madison Beer and Jaira Burns as the voices of the characters. Astonishingly, they received enormous amounts of love which led to over 500 million views for their first music video. 

K/DA embellished the first stage of a new hype for AI in the K-pop industry. The real boom hit, however, when SM, one of the big 4 K-pop entertainment companies, released AESPA, a band with four real members and four AI-generated counterparts. The concept eventually died out as the virtual groupmates did not appear on any of the real-life schedules, but they garnered unprecedented attention nonetheless.

Since then, groups like Eternity, Isedol, MAVE, Plave, and ØXONE have even begun to consist solely of AI idols. Other bands like Superkind feature virtual teammates in dance practices and stages as well as online fan meetings. 

Superkid Sejin(AI) joins a dance practice alongside human members. Photo courtesy of YouTube.
The first-ever full AI girl group Eternity debuted in 2021, bringing attention to the virtual performance industry. Photo courtesy of SBS News.

In the beginning, haters mocked these performers for their bizarre characteristics, such as sudden glitches in their limbs and contortions of body parts that occur due to technological issues. Critics said, “If you turn your Wi-Fi off, they are gone.” Oddly enough, some now claim that they found interest in these groups because of how funny the members reacted to their glitches.

Bambi, a member of Plave, glitches during his live. Photo courtesy of YouTube.


As technology advances, celebrities seem more realistic than ever. MAVE’s creators received praise for how human-like the members look. Their music surpasses human crews and finds its way into music charts. Some even reach the Billboard and perform on live stages with futuristic technology. Other types of entertainers feature in home shopping, TV shows, and news desks.

Isegye Idol enters the billboard with their song “Kidding.” Photo courtesy of Billboard.
Plave performs live through a screen around the Hongdae area. Photo courtesy of Naver.
Plave participates in a TikTok challenge with a peer idol group. Photo courtesy of TikTok.
Eternity member Jane joins a live news desk as a virtual human. Photo courtesy of YTN.
Eternity Jane shows off her skills as an actor through a TV show. Photo courtesy of YouTube.

On the downside, AI still causes multiple issues because they don’t exist in reality. Plagiarism, such as how the faces of Plave looked significantly similar to members of the boy band Stray Kids, raised hot debate. Also, once the main body/voice actor gets exposed, cancel culture returns. A black virtual rapper got canceled for saying the N-word through his lyrics because the voice behind him turned out to be white. 

Juyeon from The Boyz received comments of sympathy because an AI idol seemingly copied his profile. Photo courtesy of IST.
Sejin from Superkid gets accused of copying a real artist, Juyeon. Photo courtesy of Superkid.
AI rapper FN Meka gets canceled for saying the N-word. Photo courtesy of Youtube.
Netizens often expose the human counterpart behind the AI idols, disrupting their personal lives. Photo courtesy of X.

At this point, you might ask: Why do companies invest so much in AI-icons in the first place? Various reasons contribute to this. Imaginary artists grab attention and can withstand the toil of time. Bullying, substance abuse, or other possible reasons for cancel culture to prey on don’t affect synthesized personalities. The thin line between humanity and man-made intellect raises questions about what defines an AI entertainer, though. The group Eternity uses Deepfake technology to produce the skins of their members, but behind these faces lie the efforts of real humans who dance and sing. So who do we accredit? 

Those who actually perform behind the animated characters receive an unbelievably pitiful amount of income. Despite their contributions, the entertainment company gains most of the profit, not the voice and body actors. Furthermore, every aspect of these individuals except for their faces qualifies as the feature of an idol, which implies the impact of lookism on the industry. Shouldn’t we as a society embrace talent and hard work instead of mere appearances?

The virtual idol industry will inevitably broaden its scope and dominate more markets in future years. Even so, it will never replace real celebrities, for the most fundamental aspect of the entertainment business involves human interaction. In the world of innovation, we should look forward to how far creativity may take us. Still, it seems equally important to remember the warmth of a tangible and genuine relationship.

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About the Contributors
Serena Travers, Writer
A rising senior, Serena Travers returns to continue her avid passion for journalism. This year, she aspires to share her thoughts, meet new people, and take the best of the best photos. She also plans to dabble in design to bring the yearbook to the next level as she leaves high school. She combines her love for psychology with her writing. Her excitement and dedication to the Flyover staff is evident by the fact that she takes two media classes at DIS.
Christine Park, Illustrator
After years of persuasion from her peers that sparked intrinsic motivation, Christine Park finally enters Journalism as a senior. Chris’s greatest passion revolves around the field of art and anime. Her role as the president of the National Art Honors Society and Visual Arts Club proves the enthusiasm she bears for artistry. As the new illustrator for the Jets Flyover, Chris is eager to dive into journalism and share her artwork and comics with a wider audience.
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  • E

    Elsa ChiangJan 25, 2024 at 6:30 pm

    As one of the vocaloids and virtual idols’ fan, I certainly enjoyed this article! I listen to Plave, Isedol, and vocaloid songs everyday when I ride car, while studying, and more so this article had a lot to relate about. I saw some information that I haven’t heard of as well! Nice article. Thank you 🙂

    Reply
  • V

    VoltJan 25, 2024 at 6:26 pm

    I didn’t know that there are this much AI idols on South Korea. I think fine for the Ai idols because they will improve and I think that AI has its own attractive points.

    Reply